Romania and UNESCO

The restoration of the Probota Monastery (1996-2001) is one of the major cooperation projects between UNESCO and Romania.

The project allowed the renovation of the monastery, which is one of the Churches of Moldavia. It was financed by Japanese funds. These Byzantine masterpieces are inscribed on the World Heritage List and are a prime example of cooperation between Romania and UNESCO.

Romania joined UNESCO on July 27, 1956.

The country hosts the UNESCO European Centre for Higher Education (CEPES). The CEPES, which is also the UNESCO Regional Bureau for Education in Europe, has been working since 1972 on the drafting of legislation aimed at improving higher education in Europe.

Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List:
Cultural
Churches of Moldavia (1993)
Abore, Humor, Patrauti, Probota, Suceava, Voronet
Moldovian painted monestarey

With their painted exterior walls, decorated with 15th- and 16th-century frescoes that are considered masterpieces of Byzantine art, these seven churches in northern Moldavia are unique in Europe. Far from being merely wall decorations, the paintings represent complete cycles of religious murals on all facades. Their outstanding composition, elegant outline and harmonious colours blend perfectly with the surrounding landscape. Find out more on one of our cultural tours in Romania, which focuses on this area.

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Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains (1999)
Site

Built in the 1st centuries B.C. and A.D. under Dacian rule, these fortresses show an unusual fusion of military and religious architectural techniques and concepts from the classical world and the late European Iron Age. The six defensive works, the nucleus of the Dacian Kingdom, were conquered by the Romans at the beginning of the 2nd century A.D.; their extensive and well-preserved remains stand in spectacular natural surroundings and give a dramatic picture of a vigorous and innovative civilization.

Justification for Inscription

Criterion (ii): The Dacian fortresses represent the fusion of techniques and concepts of military architecture from inside and outside the classical world to create a unique style. Criterion (iii):The Geto-Dacian kingdoms of the late 1st millennium BC attained an exceptionally high cultural and socio-economic level, and this is symbolized by this group of fortresses. Criterion (iv): The hill-fort and its evolved successor, the oppidum, were characteristic of the Late Iron Age in Europe, and the Dacian fortresses are outstanding examples of this type of defended site.

Find out more on one of our custom tours in Romania.

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Historic Centre of Sighişoara (1999)
Medieval Sighisoara clock tower

Founded by German craftsmen and merchants known as the Saxons of Transilvania, Sighisoara is a fine example of a small, fortified medieval town which played an important strategic and commercial role on the fringes of central Europe for several centuries.

Justification for Inscription

Criterion (iii):Sighisoara is an outstanding testimony to the culture of the Transilvanian Saxons, a culture that is coming to a close after 850 years and will continue to exist only through its architectural and urban monuments. Criterion (v): Sighisoara is an outstanding example of a small fortified city in the border region between the Latin-oriented culture of central Europe and the Byzantine-Orthodox culture of south-eastern Europe. The apparently unstoppable process of emigration by the Saxons, the social stratum which had formed and upheld the cultural traditions of the region, threatens the survival of their architectural heritage as well.

Find out more on our tour in Transilvania, which includes this magnificent city as well.

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Monastery of Horezu (1993)
Site

Founded in 1690 by Prince Constantine Brancovan, the monastery of Horezu, in Walachia, is a masterpiece of the 'Brancovan' style. It is known for its architectural purity and balance, the richness of its sculptural detail, the treatment of its religious compositions, its votive portraits and its painted decorative works. The school of mural and icon painting established at the monastery in the 18th century was famous throughout the Balkan region.

Visit this exceptional establishment during your holidays in Romania. Join our tours in Romania that includes visiting the monastery of Horezu.

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Villages with Fortified Churches in Transilvania (1993)
Vilage

Biertan, Prejmer, Viscri, Darjiu, Saschiz, Calnic, Valea Viilor These Transilvanian villages with their fortified churches provide a vivid picture of the cultural landscape of southern Transilvania. The seven villages inscribed, founded by the Transilvanian Saxons, are characterized by a specific land-use system, settlement pattern and organization of the family farmstead that have been preserved since the late Middle Ages. They are dominated by their fortified churches, which illustrate building styles from the 13th to the 16th century.

Visit the fortified churches on a tour in Transilvania.

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Wooden Churches of Maramureş (1999)
Barsana monastery Maramures

Bârsana, Budesti, Desesti, Ieud, Plopis, Poienile Izei, Târgu-Lapus Rogoz, Surdesti These eight churches are outstanding examples of a range of architectural solutions from different periods and areas. They show the variety of designs and craftsmanship adopted in these narrow, high, timber constructions with their characteristic tall, slim clock towers at the western end of the building, either single- or double-roofed and covered by shingles. As such, they are a particular vernacular expression of the cultural landscape of this mountainous area of northern Romania.

Justification for Inscription

Criterion (iv): The Maramures wooden churches are outstanding examples of vernacular religious wooden architecture resulting from the interchange of Orthodox religious traditions with Gothic influences in a specific vernacular interpretation of timber construction traditions, showing a high level of artistic maturity and craft skills.

Visit the wooden churches of Maramures on this special tour in Transilvania.

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Natural
Danube Delta (1991)
Danube Delta

The waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black Sea, form the largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas. The Danube delta hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes. Discover the Danube Delta while you travel in Romania with this special tour.

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Feb 27, 2014
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